Nutrition for Athletes, Part 1


Carbs, protein and fat. Macro and micronutrients. Dieting and calories. Supplements. All things that athletes are concerned about to varying degrees. Proper nutrition is essential for fueling our bodies and optimizing our athletic performance. But are our athletes doing it correctly? Are we advising our patients correctly? Today I’m joined by a prominent sports cardiologist and we will tackle a wide variety of topics in the area of sports nutrition and what we need to think about with our athletes.

All done with the FIRST of these two nutrition-based episodes? Check out the follow up right here!


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Links from this Episode:

— Dr. Mark Halstead

— Dr. Dan Benardot’s Website:

Twitter: @DrDanBenardot

— Advanced Sports Nutrition: 3rd edition

— Selected Article References
Mridha S, and Barman P. Comparison of height-weight matched young-adult female athletes and non-athletes in selected anthropometric measurements. International Journal of Science and Research. 2014;3(1):265-268

— Croll JK et al. Adolescents Involved in Weight-Related and Power Team Sports Have Better Eating Patterns and Nutrient Intakes than Non?Sport-Involved Adolescents. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2006; 106: 708-717

— Bangsbo J. Physiological factors associated with efficiency in high intensity exercise. Journal of Sports Medicine 1996; 22:299 doi:10.2165/00007256-199622050-00003

— Morgan W, Martin PW, Krahenbuhl GS. Factors affecting running economy. Sports Medicine 1989; 7: 310–30

— Banks L, Thompson S, and Lewis EJH. Efficiency of energy transfer during exercise: What are the limiting factors? Journal of Physiology 2015; 593: 2113-2114

— Broskey NT, Boss A, Fares E-J, Greggio C, Gremion G, Schlüter L, Hans D,  Kreis R, Boesch C, and Amati F. Exercise efficiency relates with mitochondrial content and function in older adults. Physiological Reports 2015 Vol. 3 (e12418)

— Deutz B, Benardot D, Martin D, and Cody M.  Relationship between energy deficits and body composition in elite female gymnasts and runners.  Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise   2000; 32(3): 659-668

— Fahrenholtz IL, Sjödin A, Benardot D, Tornberg ÅB, Skouby S, Faber J, Sundgot-Borgen J, and Melin A. Within-day energy deficiency and reproductive function in female endurance athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 2018: 1-8  doi: 10.1111/sms.13030

— Torstveit MK, Fahrenholtz I, Stenqvist TB, Sylta Ø, and Melin A. Within-day energy deficiency and metabolic perturbation in male endurance athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 2018: DOI:

— IOC Consensus Statement: RED-S Margo Mountjoy, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Louise Burke, Susan Carter, Naama Constantini, Constance Lebrun, Nanna Meyer, Roberta Sherman, Kathrin Steffen, Richard Budgett, Arne Ljungqvist. Br J Sports Med 2014;48:491–497. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2014-093502

— Ochner CN, Tsai AG, Kushner RF, and Wadden TA. Treating obesity seriously: when recommendations for lifestyle change confront biological adaptations.The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology Journal. Online 11 Feb 2015 DOI:



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The Host of this Program:

Dr. Mark Halstead - Host of The Pediatric Sports Medicine Podcast - St. Louis, MOMark Halstead: 

Dr. Mark Halstead received his medical degree from the University of Wisconsin Medical School. He stayed at the University of Wisconsin for his pediatric residency, followed by a year as the chief resident. Following residency, he completed a pediatric and adult sports medicine fellowship at Vanderbilt University. He has been an elected member to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness and the Board of Directors of the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM). He has served as a team physician or medical consultant to numerous high schools, Vanderbilt University, Belmont University, Washington University, St. Louis Cardinals, St. Louis Blues, St. Louis Athletica, and St. Louis Rams. He serves and has served on many local, regional and national committees as an advisor for sports medicine and concussions. Dr. Halstead is a national recognized expert in sport-related concussions and pediatric sports medicine.

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The Guests Featured Inside this Program

Dan Benardot - A Guest on The Pediatric Sports Medicine Podcast with Dr. Mark HalsteadDan Benardot: 

Dr. Dan Benardot received his PhD from Cornell University, is a Registered and Licensed Dietitian/Nutritionist, and is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine. He recently retired as Professor of Nutrition, and Professor of Kinesiology and Health at Georgia State University, where he served as Director of the Laboratory for Elite Athlete Performance. He is now Professor Emeritus at Georgia State University, and Professor of Practice in the Center for the Study of Human Health at Emory University. He is the author of several books, including “Advanced Sports Nutrition”, of which the 3rd edition was released at the end of July of 2020, many book chapters and journal articles. He has worked for many years with Olympic athletes, including power athletes and endurance athletes, and he was also the team nutritionist for the 5 years leading up to the Atlanta Falcons 2017 NFC Championship.

Connect with Dan Benardot: On the WebOn Twitter